We invite you to review the following articles and studies on earmarks and government spending.

Earmark Study: Politicians Buy Votes with Taxpayer Dollars
From Americans for Prosperity Foundation: The study “indicates that Washington politicians use taxpayer-funded earmarks to bolster their reelection efforts, with a real effect on voters.”

Do Powerful Politicians Cause Corporate Downsizing?
From the National Bureau of Economic Research: “This paper employs a new empirical approach for identifying the impact of government spending on the private sector. … We show that fiscal spending shocks appear to significantly dampen corporate sector investment and employment activity.”

The Politics of Congressional Earmarking
From the article’s abstract: “Drawing on the literature on distributive politics, we develop an argument that implies that party leaders will allocate earmarks to advance the electoral goals of the party. We test our expectations using a unique dataset that comprehensively matches legislative earmarks with their individual sponsors for the 110th Congress. The data provide clear support for the argument. Members of the majority party do considerably better than members of the minority party. Moreover, within parties, the distribution of earmarks favors electorally vulnerable members and those holding agenda-setting positions.”

Special-Interest Spending
Scholar Chris Edwards wrote in 2009 about the “giant favor factory” that is the federal government. Read his study on special-interest spending, which includes an in-depth look at both corporate welfare and earmarks, at – a project of the Cato Institute.

Earmark Reform?
In this 2007 story that aired on PBS, Bill Moyers explores “the most sacred ritual on Capitol Hill — slicing up the pork.”

How 20th Century Politicians Made Earmarking Constitutional
Download this PDF to read Jim Cox detail the initial reaction to earmarks (calling them unconstitutional) and how modern politicians have justified their spending behavior.

Below are links to some organizations’ websites that you might find helpful in your own research about earmarks and government spending.

American Enterprise Institute
American Majority
American Solutions
Americans for Prosperity
Americans for Tax Reform
Bankrupting America
Big Government
Cato Institute
Center for American Progress
Center for Fiscal Accountability
Citizens against Government Waste
Club for Growth
Congressional Budget Office
Franklin Center for Government & Public Integrity
Freedom Works
Heritage Foundation
House Ethics Committee
Judicial Watch
National Taxpayers Union
Office of Mgmt & Budget
Open Congress
Project Vote Smart
Sam Adams Alliance
Tax Foundation
Taxpayers for Common Sense
The Federal Policy Group
The Sunlight Foundation
Thomas – Library of Congress
US Government Accountability Office
US House Appropriations Committee
US Senate Appropriations Committee
US Senate Select Committee on Ethics
Washington Watch

Taxpayers Connected:

Our national debt is  
$ 00 00 , 000 000 , 000 000 , 000 000 , 000 000
and each American Taxpayer owes $119,236 of it.